|Highlights of Poetry. Index of poetry. How to Write Poetry.|
How to write specific forms:
Haibun. Haiku. Hay(na)ku. Rengay. Tanka.
Concrete. Ghazal. Lai. Pantoum. Prose poem. Rondeau. Rubáiyát.
Sestina. Skaldic verse. Sonnet. Terza rima. Triolet. Tritina. Villanelle.
The Beowulf Poet.
Billy Collins exercise.
Snorri's Edda. Carl Dennis. Charles Atkinson. Corey Marks. Franz Wright. Galway Kinnell. Gary Young. The Gawain Poet.
Jack Gilbert. Jane Hirshfield. Jorie Graham. Karen Braucher. Kay Ryan.
Laureate Poets: Britain; USA.
Louise Glück. Len Anderson. Li-Young Lee. Linda Pastan. Nordic Skalds. Pulitzer Poetry Prize (U.S.A).
Richard Hugo. Robert Bly. Sara Teasdale. Snorri's Edda. Stephen Dunn. Ted Kooser. W.S. Merwin.
On the Beowulf Poet
by J. Zimmerman
The Beowulf manuscript.
Beowulf by Seamus Heaney. Beowulf text, introduction, and glossary by Michael Alexander.
Characters and Names. Links. Books.
|449 C.E.||Hengest came to Kent; quite possibly the Hengest named in Beowulf.|
|Early 6th century, about 520.||Death in history of Hygelac.|
|Late 6th century.||Start of action in Beowulf.|
|7th century||Anglo-Saxons adopted Christianity.|
|7th century||Approximate date of the Hoard.|
|793.||In Northumbria, flying dragons were seen flying through the air.|
|899.||Death of Anglo-Saxon King Alfred. By this time, likely a written version of Beowulf likely existed "in a written version substantially similar to the text we have" [Michael Alexander].|
|about 1000 C.E.||Beowulf copied into the single existing manuscript, now in the British Library.|
|1066.||Norman conquest of Britain. Interest in Anglo-Saxon is squashed.|
|1833.||First English edition published by Kemble (friend of Tennyson).|
|2010.||Staffordshire Hoard of garnet-encrusted gold weaponry from approximately 700 A.D. Mercia. Possibly the cache shows actual armor worn by leaders.|
... from the east came Angles and Saxons up to these shores, Seeking Britain across the broad seas
Also see excellent translation comparison and commentaries by V. Poulakis of nvcc.edu.
|Heaney||So. The Spear-Danes in days gone by / and the kings who ruled them had courage and greatness. / We have heard of those princes' heroic campaigns.|
|Heaney||In off the moors, down through the mist bands / God-cursed Grendel came greedily loping.|
[and swung /]
the blade in an arc, a resolute blow / that bit deep into her neck-bone / and severed it entirely, toppling the doomed / house of her flesh; she fell to the floor. / The sword dripped blood, the swordsman was elated.
|Heaney||The dragon began to belch out flames / and burn bright homesteads; there was a hot glow / that scared everyone, for the vile sky-winger / would leave nothing alive in his wake.|
|Heaney||the time was over / for peace and parleying. Pouring forth / in a hot battle-fume, the breath of the monster / burst from the rock. There was a rumble under ground.|
|Heaney||They said that of all the kings upon the earth / he was the man most gracious and fair-minded, / kindest to his people and keenest to win fame.|
Books of Poetry Form. Alphabetic list of poetry forms and related topics. How to Write Poetry.
[Thanks for visiting.]
© 2007-2017 by J. Zimmerman.
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