Drum Rhythms

 

 

LEGEND:

| first beat in the bar

* other whole beats

. half beats

: repeat

>> at end of bar = continue phrase next line

B,b bass

O,o tone
 

M,m muffle tone

S,s slap

Sf, Of  slap/tone flam

h heel

f finger

. touch or spacer (rest)

_ appears above notes that should be played with your strong hand.

   

 

 
*** RHYTHMS IN 4 and 8 ***

KPANLOGO, Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com) '94 from informal sources



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

TUMBA   O   O   O   O   B   .   s   s   O   .   s   s   B   .   s   s

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _

CONGA   B   .   s   s   O   .   s   s   B   O   O   .   O   O   .   O

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _

CONGA2  B   .   s   s   O   .   s   s   B   .   s   s   O   .   .   O

        _       _       _       _       _       _               _

QUINTO  s   s   B   .   s   .   O   O   B   .   s   O   .   .   O   .



CLAVE   X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .   .    X  .   X   .   .   .


KPANLOGO, Richard Hodges (hodges@cnmat.berkeley.edu) '94 from C.K Ladzekpo, UCB



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|



SHEKERE D   .   D   U   D   .   D   U   D   .   D   U   D   .   D   U

(Down/Up)

AGOGO1  H   .   .   H   .   .   H   .   .   .   H   .   H   .   .   .

AGOGO2  L   L   L   L   L   .   H   .   .   .   H   .   .   .   H   .

(High/Low)

        _               _       _       _               _       _

CONGA   O   O   .   s   B   .   s   s   O   .   .   B   B   O   O   .

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

QUINTO  B   .   s   s   B   .   s   s   B   .   O   O   B   .   s   s




KPANLOGO, Michael Zajac (Michael_Zajac@umanitoba.ca) from Marc Anderson,

          Winnepeg '95



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|



SHEKERE D   .   D   U   D   .   D   U   D   .   D   U   D   .   D   U

(Down/Up)

Clave   .   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   .   .   X  .    .   .   X   .

AGOGO-l L   .   .   L   .   .   L   .   .   .   L   .   L   .   .   .

AGOGO-h H   H   .   .   H   H   .   .   H   H   .   .   H   H   .   .

(High/Low)

        _               _               _               _

LOW     B       .       O       .       B       .       O       .

                                _       _       _               _

MID     .   .   .   .   .   .   S   S   O   .   O   O   .   .   S   S

                        _               _

HIGH    .   .   O   .   O   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   .   O   .  >>

        .   .   O   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   O   .   .   .   O




SHIKO (Nigerian), Richard Darsie (darsie@ece.ucdavis.edu)



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _

TUMBA   O   .   O   .   B   .   B   .   O   .   O   .   B   B   .   .

        _               _       _       _               _       _

CONGA   B   .   .   .   B   .   O   .   B   .   .   .   B   .   O   .

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _

CONGA2  B   .   s   s   B   .   s   s   B   .   s   s   O   O   .   .

        _       _               _       _       _               _

QUINTO  O   .   O   O   .   O   O   .   s   .   s   s   .   s   s   .



AGOGO-h         X   X           X   X           X   X           X   X

AGOGO-l X   X           X   X           X   X           X   X

BELL 2  X   .   X   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   X   .



CLAVE   X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   X   .   .   .




IBO 4/4 (?) Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com) from informal sources



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _

TUMBA   B   .   O   .   B   .   O   .   B   .   O   .   O   O   .   .

        _               _       _       _       _       _       _

CONGA   O   O   .   O   B   .   O   O   B   .   O   O   B   .   O   .

        _       _               _       _       _               _

QUINTO  O   .   O   O   .   O   O   .   s   .   s   s   .   s   s   .



CLAVE   X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   X   .   .   .




MOZAMBIQUE variants, Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com) and

                     John Moore(moore@dstos3.dsto.gov.au)



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

        _           _           _           _       _   _       _

CONGA       .   s           s       s   .   s   s       O   O       s

TUMBA   O           O   .       O                   O          (O)

        _           _       _       _       _       _       _

CONGA   B   h   f       O   O   B   s   f   s   f       O   O   h   f

TUMBA               O                               O

        _       _   _   _       _       _       _   _   _       _

CONGA   O   .   s       O   O   B   s   f   s   s       O   O   f   f

TUMBA               O                               O



COWBEL  M   .   M   .   C   .   .   M   .   M   .   C   .   .   C   .

(Mouth/Center)

or:

COWBEL  M   .   M   .   M   M   .   M   .   M   M   .   M   M   .   M

COWBEL  M   .   C   .   M   .   C   M   .   C   C   C   M   .   C   C

COWBEL  M   .   M   .   C   C   C   C   M   M   .   C   C   C   C   C



CLAVE   X   .   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   X   .   .   .




TUMBAO + variants, Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com) and

                     John Moore(moore@dstos3.dsto.gov.au)



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

                _               _   _           _   _   _       _   _

CONGA   h   f   s  (f)  h   f   O   O   h   f   s           b   O   O

TUMBA                                               O   O

        _           _           _           _       _       _

CONGA   O   .   s   O   .   s   O   S   .   S   S   b   O   O   .   s

('tres golpe')



CLAVE   .   .   X   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .

COWBEL  M   .   M   .   C   C   .   M   .   M   .   C   .   C   C   .




FANGA (Liberian), Richard Darsie (darsie@ece.ucdavis.edu) and Larry Morris

      (lam@eng.tridom.com) from Stone Montgomery



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

CONGA/DJEMBE

        _       _               _       _               _       _

LOW     B   .   B   B   .   B   O   O   B   .   .   B   B   .   O   O

        _                       _       _       _       _

MID     O   .   .   S   .   S   S   .   O   .   O   .   S   S   .   .

                _               _               _       _       _

High    .   .   S   S   .   .   S   S   .   .   S   S   O   O   S   S

Lead varies.



BELL    X   X           X   X           X   X           X   X

JUNJUN  B                               B       B




AKIWOWO (Yoruba), Matt Freedman (mattf@cac.washington.edu) and Art Liestman

                   (art@cs.sfu.ca) - from Baba Olatunje/Gordy Ryan

Disclaimer: Akiwowo is a Yoruba folksong. This rhythm is one of several

that work well with it, but calling it "Akiwowo" may cause confusion.

4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

CONGA/DJEMBE

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

MID     B   .   S   S   B   .   O   O   B   .   S   S   B   .   O   O

        _       _       _                               _       _

HIGH    S   .   S   .   O   O   .   S   .   S   .   S   O   O   O   .



BELL        .   x   x       .   x   x       x   .   x       .   x   x

JUNJUN  B               b               B               b




GUAGUANCO, Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com)



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

        _           _           _       _           _           _

CONGA   O   .   b   O   .   b       b   m   h   f   S   .   f       s

TUMBA                           O                               O

var.:   _           _           _               _       _       _

CONGA   O   .   s   O   .   s       S   .   S   S   m   m   S       s

TUMBA                           O                               O



4-drum variant:

                    _           _                   _           _

TUMBA   B   .   .   B   B   .   O   .   B   .   .   B   B   .   O   .

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

CONGA   b   b   O   O   b   b   b   b   b   b   O   O   b   b   b   b

        _               _               _       _       _

CONGA2  b   .   b   .   b   O   .   .   b   b   b   b   b   O   .   .



QUINTO  O   .   f   O   .   f   S   .   h   f   S   .   f   S   .   f

CLAVE   X   .   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   X   .   .   .




RUMBA GUAGUANCO' (Matanzas style), Patrick Armstrong (Armstrong@axe.humboldt.edu)



4/4          |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|



Clave        X           X               X           X       X

Palitos      R   .   L   R   .   L   .   R   L   .   R   .   R   L   .   L   or

             R   L   .   L   R   L   .   L   R   .   L   .   R   L   .   L

                         _           _                   _           _

Tumba        h   .   t   B   h   .   O   .   h   .   t   b   h   .   O   .

 variations:     _   _       _                           _       _       _

             h   O   O   .   O   .   O   .   h   .   t   b   h   O   .   O

                 _           _                           _               _

             .   O   h   t   O   .   O   .   h   .   t   O   h   .   t   O

                 _           _                           _           _

             .   O   h   t   O   .   O   .   h   .   t   b   h   .   O   .

             _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

Conga        h   h   t   t   h   h   t   t   O   h   t   t   h   h   t   t

  or:

Conga,       h   h   t   B   h   h   t   t   O   h   t   t   h   h   t   t   >>

(Tres Dos)   h   h   t   B   O   O   t   t   O   h   t   t   h   h   t   t

             |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

Quinto       h   O   O   .   h   .   t   S   h   .   t   O   h   .   t   .

  "ride"     h   S   S   .   h   O   .   O   h   .   t   S   h   .   t   .



  "cross"    h   O   O   .   h   .   t   S   h   .   t   O   h   .   t   .   >>

             h   S   S   .   O   h   t   S   S   .   O   h   t   S   S   .   >>

             O   h   t   S   S   .   O   h   t   S   S   .   O   h   t   S   >>

             S   .   S   h   t   O   .   O   h   .   t   S   h   .   t   .   >>

             h   O   h   t   O   h   t   S   h   .   t   O   h   .   t   .   >>

             h   S   S   .   h   O   .   O   h   .   t   S   h   .   t   .

Munequitos Intro:

            M    M   M   M   .   M   .   M   M   .   M   .   M   M   .   M >>

            .    M   M   .   M   .   M   .   S   .   .   O   O   .   .     >>

Tumba>      O            O           O       h       t   b   h       O     etc..

Tres Dos>                                    O   h   t   t   h   h   t   t etc..




KAKI LAMBE (Senegal), Richard Darsie (darsie@cs.ucdavis.edu)



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

CONGA/DJEMBE

        _               _       _       _               _

LOW     O   O   .   O   O   .   B   .   O   .   O   .   B   .   B   .

        _           _           _       _       _               _

MID     B   .   .   O   O   .   S   .   B   .   O   .   O   .   S   .

        _           _           _       _           _           _

HIGH    B   .   O   O   O   .   S   S   B   .   O   O   O   .   S   S



BELL    .   .   .   x   .   .   x   .   .   .   .   .   x   .   x   .

JUNJUN  B           B                   B       B



BREAK:  S   S   S   S   S   .   S   .   .   .   O   O   O   .   S   . >>

        S   .   .   .   .   .   O   O   O   .   O   .   O   .   .   .




ACONCON,  Nigel Jacobs (jacobs@mcc.com) from Boaz Martin



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

DJEMBE

        _       _               _               _               _

LOW     B   .   O   O   .   S   S   .   B   .   O   O   .   S   S   .

        _               _       _       _               _       _

HIGH    S   .   .   S   S   .   O   O   S   .   .   S   S   .   O   O

        _       _               _       _               _

Break   O   .   O   O   .   O   O   .   O   .   O   .   O   .   .   .



JUNJUN  B   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   B  (b)  .   B   .   . >>

        B   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

BELL    X   .   X   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   X   .




LAMBA,  Nigel Jacobs (jacobs@mcc.com) from Boaz Martin, and Larry Morris

        (lam@eng.tridom.ocm) from Stone Montgomery



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

DJEMBE

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

LOW     O   O   S   S   B  (S)  S   S   O   O   S   S   B  (S)  S   S

        _               _       _   _   _               _       _   _

HIGH    S   .   .   S   S   .   O O O O S   .   .   S   S   .   O O O O

        _       _       _       _       _               _       _

Ride 1  O   O   S   O   O   S   O   O   S   .   .   .   Of  .   Of  .

        _       _       _       _       _               _

Ride 2  O   .   O   .   O   .   t   B   B   .   .   B   B   .   .   .



(break) Sf  .   S   S   .   S   .   S   S   .   S   .   S   .   .   .  Sf



Junjun  B   .   B   .   B   .   .   .   B   .   B   .   B   .   .   .

(var.)  B   .   B   .   B   .   .   B   .   B   B   .   B   .   .   .

Bell    H   L   L   L   L   H   H   H   H   L   L   L   L   H   H   H

Songba  .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   O   O   .   .   .   .



("swung" version of Lamba, dashed notes are extended in length):

DJEMBE

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

LOW     O-  O   S-  S   B-  S   S-  S   O-  O   S-  S   B-  S   S-  S



        _               _               _               _ (lead-in) S

HIGH    S-  .   .   S   S-  .   O-  O   S-  .   .   S   S-  .   O-  O



Junjun  B   .   B   .   B   .   .   .   B   .   B   .   B   .   .   .

Songba  .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   O   O   .   .   .   .

Bell    X   .   X   .   X   .   X   .   X   .   X   .   X   .   X   .




GAHU (Ewe), Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com)



4/4         |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|



Bell        L   .   .   H   .   .   H   .   .   .   H   .   .   .   H   .

(Gankogui)

Axatse      D   .   .   D   U   .   D   .   U   .   D   .   U   .   D   .

(Down/Up shaker)

Kaganu      .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O

(high)

Sogo        O   B   .   O   B   .   O   .   B   .   O   .   B   .   O   .   or:

(low)       B   .   .   .   B   .   O   .   B   .   .   .   B   .   O   .

            _           _           _       _       _               _

Kidi        O   O   .   S   S   .   O   O   O   O   S   .   S   .   O   O

(mid)

Gboba or Atseimevu (bass) lead variations.




MOMBASA (Ghana), Dan Trevino (una@psu.edu) - from Michael Pluznik

(this requires a special drum setup: 4 congas played by 2 players.

Low and Second drums are tumbas, mid and high congas/quintos. Set as

follows:

                        X   upbeat drummer

                        O (high drum)

           (low drum) O   O (second drum)

                        O (middle drum)

                        X   downbeat drummer

4/4         |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

DOWNBEAT:   _       _           _           _       _           _

Middle      O   O       .   O   O   .       O   O       .   O   O   .

Second              B                               B

Low                                     B                               B

4/4         |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

UPBEAT:     _           _           _       _       _               _

Low         O                               O

High                O   O           O   O           S   S   .   S   O   O

Second                      O




JONDO (??), Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com)

(note: this is a "swung" rhythm, notation such as "O-  O" indicate an

 extended beat, such as a dotted quarter followed by an eighth note.)

4/4         |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

CONGA/DJEMBE

            _               _       _       _               _       _

HIGH        O   .   O   .   S-  S   S-  S   O   O   .   S   S-  S   S-  .

            _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

MID         O-  O   S-  S   B-  S   S-  S   O-  O   S-  S   B-  S   S-  S

            _       _       _   _           _   _           _   _

LOW         O   .   O   B   S-  S   .   f   O   O   .   B   S-  S   .   f



BELL (??)

JUNJUN      B   .   B   .   .   .   .   .   B   B   .   .   .   .   .   .

+lead djembe variations.




CONGO (Haitian) Sean Engelson (engelson@cs.uchicago.edu)



4/4           |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

                      _       _       _               _       _       _

Segonde:      B   f   S   .   O~  .   O   .   B   f   S   .   O~  .   O   .

                      _       _       _               _       _       _

Or (easier):  B   .   S   .   O   .   O   .   B   .   S   .   O   .   O   .

              _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

Boula:        O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O



Bell:         x   x   .   x   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .



Maman stick:  O   O   .   X   .   .   X   .   X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .

Maman hand:   .   .   .   .   B   f   .   .   B   .   .   .   B   f   .   O



Maman lick:

Maman stick:  O   O   .   X   .   .   X   .   O   .   O   O   .   O   O   .

Maman hand:   .   .   .   .   B   f   .   O   .   .   .   .   B   . O .   O



The X's mean sticks on the side of the drum, and the ~ after a tone means that

the tone is extended by "flanging" with a finger.




COMPARSA (Cuba), Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com)



4/4           |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

              _                       _                   _

Surdo (bass)  O   .   .   O   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   B   .   .   O   .

              _               _               _               _       _

Tumba:        O   .   .   s   S   .   .   s   S   .   .   s   O   .   O   .

                      _               _               _               _

Conga:        .   .   s   s   .   .   O   O   .   .   s   s   .   .   O   O



Quinto:       .   S   S   .   O   O   .   S   .   S   .   .   .   O   .   O

lead variations...

Agogo H       .   .   .   .   X   X   .   .   .   .   .   .   X   .   X   .

Agogo L       X   .   X   .   .   .   .   X   .   X   X   .   .   .   .   .

Clave:        .   .   X   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .   .   X




HIGHLIFE (W. Africa), Mark Szymanski



Note: S- and M- indicate this stroke is "pulled" back to lead-in to the beat.

4/4           |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

              _               _       _       _               _       _

Low           B   .   .   O   B   .   O   O   B   .   .   O   B   .   O   O

              _       _       _       _       _                       _

Mid           O   .   O   .   B   .   B   .   O   .   .  S-   .   .   O   O

              _       _       _       _       _                       _

Mid2          B   .   S   .   S   .   O   O   B   .   .  S-   .   .   O   O

              _               _               _               _

High          O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   S   .   O



Clave                     X               X                               X

Junjun        B               M               B          M-

bell          .   .   x   x   .   .   x   x   .   .   x   x   .   .   x   x




KUKU (Guinea), Mark Szymanski



4/4           |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

              _               _               _               _

LOW           S   .   S   .   O   O   .   .   S   .   S   .   O   O   .   .

              _               _       _       _               _       _

MID           S   S   .   O   O   O   S   .   S   S   .   O   O   O   S   .

              _               _               _               _

HIGH          O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .



Bell          .   .   X   X   .   .   X   X   .   .   X   X   .   .   X   X

Junjun        B   .   B   .   B   .   .   .   M   .   .   M   .   .   .   .

Songba        M   .   M   .   M   .   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   .   .   .

Kenkeni       B   .   .   B   B   .   .   B   B   .   .   B   B   B   .   B




RHUMBA YESA (Cuba), Mark Szymanski



4/4           |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

              _               _       _       _               _       _

LOW           S   .   .   B   O   .   O  (B)  S   .   .   B   O   .   O  (B)

              _               _       _               _               _

MID           B   .   .   .   O   .   B   B   .   O   O   O   .   .   B   .

              _               _               _               _

HIGH          S   S   .   .   S   S   .   .   S   S   .   .   S   S   .   .



Bass          B   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   B   .

Bell          .   .   X   X   .   .   X   X   .   .   X   X   .   .   X   X




RHUMBA YESA (Cuba), Jason Hann (brenda@controlroom.com)



4/4           |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|



Hi bell       C   .   C   .   O   O   .   .   C   .   C   .   O   O   .   .

Lo bell       .   .   C   C   .   .   C   C   .   O   .   O   .   .   C   C

              _               _               _               _

Quinto(stick) O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .

                                      _                               _

Conga(stick)  .   .   .   .   .   .   O   O   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .

              _                       _               _               _

Tumba(hand)   O   .   .   s   .   .   s   .   .   M   M   M   .   .   O   O




YEMBELA (?), Mark Szymanski (rain song)



4/4           |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

              _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

LOW           B   .   S   .   O   .   S   .   B   .   S   .   O   O   S   .

              _       _               _       _       _               _

MID           B   .   O   O   .   .   s   .   B   .   O   O   .   .   s   .

              _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

HIGH          O   .   S   S   O   .   S   S   O   .   S   S   O   .   S   S



Junjun        B   .   B   B   .   .   .   .   B   .   B   B   .   .   .   .

Bell          .   .   X   X   .   .   X   X   .   .   X   X   .   .   X   X




IJEXA (Brazil,Bahia), John Moore (MOORE@dstos3.dsto.gov.au)

       Originally from IJESA people in Yoruba



4/4           |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

              _               _       _       _               _       _

CONGA         S   .   .   b   S   .   O   b   S   .   .   b   S   .   O   b  >>

              _               _       _       _               _       _

              S   .   .   b   S   .   O   .   O   O   .   b   S   .   O   b

              _               _               _               _

TUMBA         S   .   .   O   O   .   B   .   S   .   .   O   O   .   B   .  >>

              _               _               _       _       _

              S   .   .   O   O   .   B   .   O   O   O   O   O   .   B   .



AGOGO VARIATIONS

AGOGO (I)     H   .   H   .   .   .   .   H   .   H   H   .   .   .   .   .

              .   .   .   .   L   L   .   .   .   .   .   .   L   .   L   .



AGOGO(II)     .   .   .   .   H   H   .   .   .   .   .   .   H   .   H   .

              L   .   L   .   .   .   .   L   .   L   L   .   .   .   .   .



AGOGO(III)    H   H   .   .   .   .   .   .   H   .   H   .   .   .   .   .

              .   .   .   L   .   L   L   .   .   .   .   .   L   .   L   .



AGOGO(IV)     .   .   .   H   .   H   H   .   .   .   .   .   H   .   H   .

              L   L   .   .   .   .   .   .   L   .   L   .   .   .   .   .



AGOGO(V)      H   H   H   .   .   .   .   H   .   H   H   .   .   .   .   .

              .   .   .   .   L   L   .   .   .  .    .   .   L   .   L   .




BELEDI (Middle Eastern), Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com)

Traditionally played on doumbek; 'B' is center tone (dum),

'O' or 'm' is a finger hit (te ka), accented or unaccented.

 's' is a finger hit with raised pitch (tok). Many variants exist.



4/4         |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

            _       _       _       _       _       _       _

Doumbek     B   .   B   .   o   o   o   o   B   .   o   o   o   .   .   .

            _       _       _       _       _       -       _       _

variants:   B   .   B   .   o   m   s   .   B   .   o   m   s   .   o   o

(many       B   o   O   .   .   .   o   o   B   .   o   o   O   .   o   o

 others)    B   .   o   O   .   o   O   .   B   .   B   .   S   .   .   .

            _       _                       _               _

bass:       B   .   B   .   .   o   .   .   B   .   .   .   o   .   .   .



              .   .   .   .   L   L   .   .   .   .   .   .   L   .   L   .




raqs sa'idi (S. Egypt), Caitrin Pieri (pieri@Hydromod.DE)



4/4       |:  .   .   .   *   .   .   .   *   .   .   .   *   .   .   .   :|



doumbek   B               O       m   m   B       O               m



variation B   m       m   B   m       m   B   m       m   B   m       m



reqq      O               O       m   m   m       O               O



variation O       m   m   O       m   m   O       m   m   O      m    m




raqs bambi (S. Egypt), Caitrin Pieri (pieri@Hydromod.DE)



2/4         |:  .   .   .   *   .   .   .   |   .   .   .   *   .   .   . :|



doumbek     B   O       O   B       O       B   O       O   B       O



variation1  B       m   m   m       O       B       m   m   O       m   m



variation2  B       m   m   m       O       B               O       m   m



variation3  B       m   m   m       O       B       m   m   O       m



riqq        O       m   m   m       O       O       m   m   m       O



variation   O       m   m   O       m   m   O       m   m   O       m   m




raqs skandarai (S. Egypt), Caitrin Pieri (pieri@Hydromod.DE)



4/4       |:  .   .   .   *   .   .   .   *   .   .   .   *   .   .   .   :|



doubek    B       m   m   B       m   m   B       m   m   B       m   m    >>

          B       m   m   B       m   m   O       m   m   m       m

                                          ^



reqq      O       m   m   O       m   m   O       m   m   O       m   m    >>

          O       m   m   O       m   m   O

                                          ^ main accent




PILON (Cuba), ? (mcmc@ix.netcom.com), from '94 Banff Afrocubanismo conf.



4/4       |:  .   .   .   *   .   .   .   *   .   .   .   *   .   .   .   :|



Clave     X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   X   .   .   .



Bell      x   .   X   X   x   .   X   X   x   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

                  _               _   _                   _       _

Conga1    b   t   S   t   h   t           O   .   .   O   O   O       .

Conga2                            O   O                           O



Bombo     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   .   O   O    or:

(bass)    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   .   .   O   O

                  _           _       _               _           _

Conga     b   t   S   t   h               O   .   .       O   O       .

var.                          O  (O)  O               O           O

                  _               _   _   _   _                   _

Conga     b   t   S   t   h   t           O   O   .   .   b   t       O

var.                              O   O                           O

                  _               _   _           _       _       _

Conga     b   t   S   t   b   t           O   .   S   S   O   O       .

var.                              O   O                           O




KASSA (Guinea), Michael Williams (williamsm@winthrop.edu) from Mamady Keita

(note: played with a slightly "swung" feel)

4/4       |:  .   .   .   *   .   .   .   *   .   .   .   *   .   .   .   :|

          _               _       _       _               _       _

Lead dj.  S   S   .   S   S   .   O   O   S   S   .   S   S   .   O   O

          _               _       _               _               _

Djembe1   B   .   S   S   O   O   S   S   B   .   S   S   O   O   S   S

          _               _       _               _       _       _

Djembe2   S   .   .   S   S   .   O   O   S   .   B   S   S   .   O   O



Junjun   (O)  O   .   O   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   O   .

Songba    .   .   .   O   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   .   .

Kenkeni   O   .   .   M   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   M   .   .   O   .

Shekere   X   .   .   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   .   .



Bell      X   X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X   .   X   .  >>




NOKOBE (Ewe - Ghana), Catrin Pieri (pieri@Hydromod.DE)



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

        _       _       _       _       _       _               _

Ashiko  O   .   O   O   B   .   O   .   B       s   s   .   s   s   .



Ashiko  .   .   o   o   .   .   o   o   .       o   o   .   .   o   o

w/Stick



Bell    L   .   H   H   .   H   H   .   L   .   H   .   H   .   H   .

(Gankogui)



Shekere D   .   .   D   U   .   D   .   D   .   .   D   U   .   D   .

(Axatse D/U down/up)




RA RA (Haiti) - Barry Duke



Note: R= rim shot on seconde

4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|



Bell    X   .   X   X   .   .   X   .   X   .   X   X   .   .   X   .

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

Boula   o   o   o   o   o   o   S   o   o   o   o   o   o   o   S   o

(hi)    _           _           _               _               _

Seconde O   O   .   R   b   t   R   .   B   .   R   .   B   .   R   .

(mid)   _               _               _               _

Maman   B   .   .   .   B   .   .   .   B   .   .   .   B   .   O   . >>

(lo)    B   .   .   .   B   .   O   .   O   .   B   .   O   .   O   .



Basse#1 B   .   .   .   O   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   .   .

Basse#2 .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   .   .   .




UFFUNU (Ewe?), John Feddersen (fedstart@nando.net) from Tacuma King



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

        _       _       _               _       _       _       _

Tumba   O   O   O   O   s   s   .   s   s   .   s   s   .   s   s   .   or:

        O   O   O   O   B   .   .   .   B   .   .   .   B   .   .   .

                _       _       _       _               _       _

Conga1  .   s   s   .   O   O   O   O   s   s   .   s   s   .   s   s

        _       _               _       _       _       _

Conga2  s   .   s   s   .   s   s   .   O   O   O   O   s   s   .   s

        _               _       _               _       _       _

Quinto  s   s   .   s   s   .   s   s   .   s   s   .   O   O   O   O



Bell    x   .   x   .   x   .   x.  .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x    .

Junjun  O   .   .   O   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   O   .   .   O    .




BOUSHAY (Congolese), John Feddersen (fedstart@nando.net) '95 from Modibo Keita

(note: this is a "swung" rhythm, notation such as "O-  O" indicate an

 extended beat, such as a dotted quarter followed by an eighth note.)



2/2            |  .  *  .  *  .  *  .  |  .  *  .  *  .  *  .  |

               _     _     _     _     _     _           _

                                               (lead-in) O- O >>

Djembe(h)      S- .  O- O  S- .  O- O  S- .  S- S  .  .  O- O

                     _           _           _           _

Djembe(m)      .  .  O- O  .  .  S  .  .  .  O- O  .  .  S  .

               _           _           _           _

Djembe(l)      b  .  b  .  O- O  .  .  b  .  b  .  O- O  .  .

or deep drum



Bell           x  .  .  .  x  .  .  .  x  .  .  .  x  .  .  .

Songba                                           o       o

or, on tall drum, bell as S, songba as B




KUKU (Guinea), Phillipe Reunis (Philippe.Reunis@sema.be



4/4       |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|



Bell      X   .   X   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X   .   X   .



Junjun    M   .   .   O   .   .   .   .   M   .   .   .   O   .   O   .  >>

          O   .   .   O   .   .   .   .   M   .   .   .   .   .   .   .



Songba    O   .   .   M   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   .   .   .   O   .

Kenkeni   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .

          _       _               _       _       _               _

Djembe1   B   .   O   O   .   .   S   .   B   .   O   O   .   .   S   .

          _               _       _       _               _       _

Djembe2   O   O   .   S   O   O   S   .   O   O   .   S   O   O   S   .  OR:

(var.)    O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .

          _           _           _       _           _           _

Djembe3   O   .   O   O   .   .   Sf  .   S   .   S   S   .   .   S   .  >>

          B   .   O   O   .   .   S   .   B   .   O   O   .   .   Of  .

          _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

Djembe4  bO   .   O   O   B   S   S   .  bO   .   O   O   B   S   S   .



*note: Djembe3 & Djembe4 var. from Mamady Keita, others traditional.

 simplified variation on Djembe2 used for very fast tempos.




Village Dance (African Westcoast), Catrin Pieri (pieri@hydromod.de)



4/4     |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

CONGA       .   .   O   .   .   O   .       O   O   .   O   O   S   S

TUMBA   O                               O

        _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

CONGA2  O   .   O   O   .   .   .   B   O   .   O   O   S   .   S   S

                                    ^ start this one here



BELL    X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .   .    X  .   X   .   .   .




SAMBA (Brazil), John Feddersen (fedstart@nando.net)



4/4       |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

          _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

Surdo     M   .   O   .  mM   .   O   .  mM   .   O   .  mM   .   O   .  m

(bass)

Conga     O O O O S S . O O O O O S S . O O O O O S S . O O O O O S S . O



Tamborin  m   m   Z-    m   m   O   O Z-  m   m   Z-    m   m   O   O Z-

(bongo/stick) m=press head to raise tone, O=open tone, Z-= let stick buzz

          *       *       *       *       *       *       *       *

Agogo     H . L L . H . H . . . L L . H . H . L L L H . H . . . L L . H .

          >     > >     >   >   > >       >     > >     >   >   > >

Guiro     D u d U D u d U d U d U D u d u D u d U D u d U d U d U D u d u

(scraper) >     >     >       >     >     >     >     >       >     >

Snare     X x x X x x X x x x X x x X x x X x x X x x X x x x X x x X x x

(bossanova)




TIMINI (Senegal), Michael Wall (drum@aloha.net) from Malick Sow



4/4       |:  .   .   .   *   .   .   .   |   .   .   .   *   .   .   .  :|

          _   _           _       _       _   _           _       _

Djembe-1  S S S   .   S   S   .   O   O   S S S   .   S   S   .   O   O

          _               _       _       _               _       _

(var.)    S   S   .   S   S   .   O   O   S   S   .   S   S   .   O   O



          _       _       _               _       _       _

Djembe-2  S   B   O   O   S   S   .   .   S   B   O   O   S   S   .   .



Junjun    B   B   .   B   B   .   .   .   B   B   .   B   B   .   .   .

Bell      X   X   .   X   X       X       X   X       X   X       X




SUNU (?), John Feddersen (fedstart@nando.net) from Modibo Keita



4/4       |:  .   .   .   *   .   .   .   |   .   .   .   *   .   .   .  :|

          _       _       _               _       _       _ (lead-in) S  >>

Djembe-1  S   .   O   O   S   .   .   S   S   .   O   O   S   .   .   S

          _       _               _       _           _     (lead-in) O  >>

Djembe-2  O   .   S   S   .   B   S   O   O   .   S   S   .   B   S   O



Bell      x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .

Kenkeni   O   .   .   M   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   M   .   .   O   .

                                                            (lead-in) O  >>

Junjun    O   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O  >>

(cont'd)  O   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   .   O  >>

          O   .   .   O   O   .   O   .   O   .   O   .   O   .   .   O



Djembe/Junjun call-response lead-in:

Djembe    S   S   S   S   .   S   .   S   S   .   S   .   S   .   .   O

Junjun    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O  >>

Djembe    O   .   .   O   O   .   O   .   O   .   O   .   O   .   . (main rhythm)

Junjun    O   .   .   O   O   .   O   .   O   .   O   .   O   .   . (main rhythm)




Oggun (Santeria), Luis Nunez (lmn02@www.gnofn.org)



(simplified version)



4/4       |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|



Bell      X   .   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   X   .   .   .



Hi drum   S   .   .   O   S   .   .   .   S   .   O   .   S   .   .   .



Mid drum  S   .   .   .   S   .   .   .   S   .   .   .   Of  .   .   .



Lo drum   S   .   .   .   O   .   S   .   O   .   B   .   O   .   .   .




MORIBAYASSA (Malinque tribe) consensus by Michael Wall (drum@aloha.net)

 and other Djembe-L members from Mamady Keita



4/4         |:  .   .   .   *   .   .   .   |   .   .   .   *   .   .   .  :|

            _       _           _           _       _       _

(break)     Of  .   O   O   .   O   .   O   O   .   S   S   S   .   .   .

            _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

DjembeLo    B   .   O   O   B   .   S   .   B   .   O   O   B   .   S   .

            _               _       _       _               _       _

DjembeHi    S   .   .   S   S   .   O   O   S   .   .   S   S   .   O   O



Kenkeni     O   .   .   .   O   .   .   .   O   .   .   .   O   .   .   .

(bell)      x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .

                                       (lead-in)    O   .   O   .   O   .  >>

Songba      O   .   .   .   M   .   .   .   M   .   O   .   O   .   O   .

(bell)      x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .

                                                    (lead-in)       O   .  >>

Junjun      O   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   .   .   .   O   .

(bell)      x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .




BAIAO (Brazil), Heike Worth (worth@Papin.HRZ.Uni-Marburg.DE) from Sergio Mendez

NOTES: Zabumba - flat bass drum played w/ thin stick on one side (S), felted

stick on other side (O). Pandeiro notes - (D) thumb, (t) fingertip, (h) ball

of hand, (S) slap.

4/4         |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|



Agogo       .   .   H   .   L   .   H   .   .   H   .   H   L   .   H   .

            _                       _       _                       _

Snare       X   x   x   X   x   x   X roll  X   x   x   X   x   x   X   x



Triangle    .   .   o   o   .   .   o   o   .   .   o   o   .   .   o   o



Pandeiro    D   t   h   D   t   h   S   h   D   t   h   D   t   h   S   h



Zabumba(L)  M   .   S   O   O   .   S   .   M   .   S   O   O   .   S   .



Zabumba(H)  M   .   S   O   S   O   S   S   M   .   S   O   S   O   S   S  >>

            M   .   S   O   S   O   S   S   O   S   S   O   S   O   S   S




Afro Bloc (Bahia), Heike Worth (worth@Papin.HRZ.Uni-Marburg.DE), played by

many Samba percussion groups



4/4         |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|



Surdo hi    O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   M   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Surdo mid   .   .   .   .   O   O   O   O   M   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Surdo deep  O   .   .   .   M   .   .   .   O   .   .   .   M   .   .   .

                                                (lead-in)   O   .   O   .  >>

UpbeatSurdo M   .   .   .   O   .   .   .   M   .   .   .   O   .   O   .

 (mid)                                          (lead-in)           O   .  >>

ContraSurdo M   .   .   .   .   O   .   O   M   .   .   .   .   .   O   .  >>

 (hi)       M   .   O   .   M   O   .   O   M   .   .   .   .   .   O   .

                                                (lead-in)           X   .  >>

Tamborim    .   .   .   .   .   X   .   X   .   .   .   .   .   .   X   .  >>

            .   .   X   .   .   X   .   X   .   .   .   .   .   .   X   .

            _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

Snare       X   x   x   X   x   x   X   x   x   x   X   x   x   X   x   x

                                                        or (x x X   X   X)

Repinique   .   .   R   L   .   .   R   L   .   .   R   L   .   .   R   L  or:

(similar    R   .   .   L   .   .   R   .   .   L   .   L   R   .   R   .  or:

 to snare)  .   .   R   L   .   .   .   .   .   L   .   L   .   .   .   .



Agogo       H   .   .   H   .   .   H   .   .   .   L   .   L   .   .   .




URUGUAY TRANCE (Uruguay), Nowick Gray (nowick@awinc.com) from Pepe Danza



4/4         |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

                _       _       _       _       _       _       _       _

Drum 1      .   O   O   O   .   O   O   O   .   O   O   O   .   O   O   O

                _       _       _       _       _       _

Drum 2      O   B   O   O   O   B   O   O   O   B   O   O   B   .   .   .

                _           _           _

Drum 3      O   B   .   .   B   .   O   O   B   .   B   .   B   .   .   .



Junjun      O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O

stick/bell  X   .   .   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   .   .   X   .   .   .




CALYPSO (Trinidad), Barbara Bird (bbird@azstarnet.com)



4/4         |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

            _           _           _       _           _           _

Tumba       B   M   .   B   h   f   O   .   B   M   .   B   h   f   O   .

            _               _                               _

CongaLo     O   .   .   O   O   .   .   .   .   O   .   O   O   O   .   .

            _               _               _               _

CongaHi     O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .   O   O   .   .



Bell        .   .   x   x   .   .   x   x   .   .   x   x   .   .   x   x

Hi bell     x   x   .   x   x   x   x  .    x   x   .   x   x   x   x   .

(brake drum?)




DALAH (Guinea), consensus by Michael Wall (drum@aloha.net) and other

    Djembe-L members from Mamady Keita



4/4       |:  .   .   .   *   .   .   .   |   .   .   .   *   .   .   .  :|

          _               _       _       _               _       _

Djembe#1  S   .   .   S   S   .   O   O   S   .   .   S   S   .   O   O

          _       _               _       _       _               _

Djembe#2  B   .   O   O   .   .   S   S   B   .   O   O   .   .   S   S



Kenkeni   O   .   .   .   O   .   .   .   O   .   .   .   O   .   .   .

(bell)    x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .



Songba    O   .   O   O   .   .   .   .   M   .   .   .   O   .   O   .  >>

          O   .   O   O   .   .   .   .   M   .   .   .   M   .   .   .



(bell)    x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .



Junjun    O   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   .   .   .   O   .

(bell)    x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .




DJANSA (?), Kalani (kalani@primenet.com)



4/4       |:  .   .   .   *   .   .   .   |   .   .   .   *   .   .   .  :|

          _               _       _       _               _       _

Djembe    S   .   .   S   S   .   O   O   S   .   .   S   S   .   O   O



Junjun    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   .   .   .   .

Songba    O   .   .   O   .   .   O   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .

Kenkeni   O   .   .   .   .   O   O   .   O   .   .   .   .   O   O   .

Bell      x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .




MULTIPART CONGA RHYTHMS



Drum setup for right-handers:    CONGA        TUMBA

                                       QUINTO

                                        *you*




SONGO, Michael Wall (drum@aloha.net)

4/4         |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

                _           _               _       _       _

Quinto      S   O   h   f   S   S   .   S   O   S   S   .   S   S   .   .

Conga                                                   O

Tumba                               O                               O   O

Clave       x   .   .   x   .   .   .   x   .   .   x   .   x   .   .   .




BOMBA, Michael Wall (drum@aloha.net)

4/4         |:  .   .   .   *   .   .   .   |   .   .   .   *   .   .   .  :|

                    _                               _

Quinto      .   O   O   O   .   .   .   .   .   O   O   O   .   .   .   .

Conga                       O       O                       O       O

            _           _       _   _       _           _       _   _

Tumba       B           S       O   O       B           S       O   O

Clave       x   .   .   x   .   .   x   .   x   .   .   x   .   .   x   .




COMPARSA, Joel Rives (jrives@mindspring.com)

4/4         |:  .   *   .   *   .   *   .   |   .   *   .   *   .   *   .  :|

            _           _       _           _       _       _       _

Quinto      .   h   f   S   O   O   .   .   .   S   S   S   .   O   .   .

Conga                               O   O                          (O)  O

Tumba       O                               O               O       O

variation1:

            _           _       _           _       _       _       _

Quinto      .   h   f       O   O   .   .   .   S   S   S   .   O   .   .

Conga                               O   O                          (O)  O

Tumba       O           O                   O               O       O






*** RHYTHMS IN SIX/TWELVE ***




YANVALOU (Haitian), Sean Engelson (engelson@cs.uchicago.edu)



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X

                  _       _                   _

Segonde   B   .   O   .   O   .   B   .   .   O   .  (B)

(tumba)       _           _           _           _

Boula     .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x

(Kagan)

Maman  (lead, variations in 4):

(R stick) x   .   .   x   .   .   x   .   .   x   .   .

(L drum)  B   .   M   .   .   .   B   O   .   .   .   .



Case'(repeating break) on Maman:

(R stick) O   .   .   .   x   .   .   .   .   x   .   .

(L drum)  .   .   B   .   .   .   O   O   .   .   B   B

Lead-in back to std phrase:

(R stick) O   .   .   .   x   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

(L drum)  .   .   B   .   .   .   O   O   .   O   .   O




ETUMBA NAMBUAKA (Congo), Richard Darsie (darsie@cs.ucdavis.edu)

Source:  Sandor Djabaouez via Sean Feder



Note: Of = tone flam, Sf = slap flam

12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X

          _       _       _                       _

Tumba     B   .   B   .   O   O   .   S   .   S   O   O

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Conga     O   .   S   O   S   S   O   .   S   O   S   S



          _       _       _       _       _       _

Quinto    O   O   O   .   O   O   O   .   O   O   O   .

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Mid brk:  S   S   S   .   S   S   S   .   Of  O   O   .

          _       _       _       _       _       _

End brk:  S   S   S   .   S   S   S   .   S   S   S   . >>

          _       _       _       _       _       _      _

          S   S   S   .   Of  O   O   .   O   O   O   .  Sf




ZEBOLAH (Congolese), Richard Darsie (darsie@ece.ucdavis.edu)

        from Sean Feder



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



          _           _           _           _

Bottom    O   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   O

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Second    B   O   O   B   S   S   B   O   O   B   S   S

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Mid       O   S   S   O   S   S   O   S   S   O   S   S

          _       _       _       _               _

Heart     O   .   S   .   O   O   O   S   .   S   O   O

              _       _               _       _

High      Sf  O   O   O   S   .   O   S   .   O   S   .



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X




ABAKUA (Cuba),  Patrick Armstrong (Armstrongp@axe.humboldt.edu)



12/8        |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Ekon #1     x   x       x   x   x       x   x   x       x

(brass/iron bell)

Ekon #2     x       x           x       x       x



Erikunde    L       R   L   R   R   L   R       L       R

(basket rattles

or palitos) _           _           _           _

High        O   h   t   O   h   t   O   h   t   O   h   t

(Binkome)   _       _       _       _       _       _

Mid         M       O       M       O       M       O

(Kotchierima)

                _           _           _           _

Low         b   M       b   O      b    M       b   O

(Obiapa)



+ lead (conga) variations




Generic African 6/8 variations, Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com)



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|

          _       _       _       _       _

TUMBA     B   .   O   .   O   .   B   .   O   O   .   O

          _               _       _               _

CONGA     B   .   .   B   O   O   B   .   .   B   O   O  (4's driver)

          _       _       _       _       _       _

CONGA2    B   B   O   O   S   S   B   B   O   O   S   S  (3's driver)

          _       _       _       _       _       _

CONGA3    O   S   S   O   B   B   O   O   B   B   O   O

          _       _       _       _       _       _

CONGA4    B   O   B   O   O   B   O   B   O   B   O   O  (clave variant)



BELL      X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X




BINTIN, (Ghana), Richard Darsie (darsie@ece.ucdavis.edu) from

        Sean Feder - from Icon Tribe



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Bottom    O   O   O   O   O   .   B   B   B   B   B   .

          _           _           _           _

Second    B   .   .   M   .   .   B   .   .   O   .   .

w/Stick   .   X   X   .   X   X   .   X   X   .   X   X

                  _       _               _       _

Third     .   .   B   .   O   .   .   .   B   .   O   .

w/Stick   X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .

          _       _       _       _       _       _

High      B   .   O   S   S   .   O   O   O   S   S   .

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Break     O   O   O  .    S   S   S   .   O   O   O   .



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X




BAHAVENTO (BRAZIL), Michael Wall (drum@aloha.net) from Menstre Beasola



6/4       |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X

Shaker                X                       X

Clave     X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .

Surdo     O   .   .   .   O   O   .   .   .   .   .   O   or:

          M   .   O   .   O   .   O   O   .   .   .   .

Alt Surdo O   .   .   O   O   O   O   .   .   O   O   O

                  _           _               _       _

Tumba     S   .   O   O   .   S   S   .   O   O   O   S

                      _       _       _       _       _

Conga     O   .   S   S   O   O   O   S   .   S   .   O

          _       _       _(3)_       _       _       _(3)

Snare     x   x   x   x   x x x   x   x   x   x   x   x x




LENGJEN (Senegal), Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com)



6/8       |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|

Djembe/Conga

              _               _       _               _

Low       .   O   O   .   O   O   .   O   O   .   O   O

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Mid       B   .   B   S   O   O   B   .   B   S   O   O

 or:      S   .   S   B   O   O   S   .   S   B   O   O

          _       _               _       _

High      O   .   S   S   .   O   O   .   S   S   .   O

Lead

Break:    S   .   S   .   S   .   S   .   .   S   .   .  >>

          S   .   .   .   .   O   O   O   O   O   .   .

           (all stop...                                restart.)

+ lead variations.

JUNJUN:   B   .   B  .   .    .   B   .   B  .    .   .

Bell:                X        X              X        X   or:



Other Junjun (3 drums)



Low       X                       X

Mid               X                       X

High                     X                        X




MAHI (Haitian), Larry Morris (lam@eng.tridom.com)



Note: the bas is a large hoop (frame) drum with a very deep,

soft bass.

12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X



Chacha    X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .

(shaker)                  _       _           _       _

Bas       o   .   o   .   B   .   o   o   .   B   .   o

              _           _           _       _       _

Segonde   .   O   O   .   s   s   .   O   .   s   .   s  or:

(conga)   s   .   O   .   s   s   .   O   .   s   .   s

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Boula     o   o   o   o   o   o   o   o   o   o   o   o  or:

(Kagan)   o   .   o   .   o   o   .   o   .   o   .   o

Maman  (tumba, lead + variations):

(R stick) .   x   x   .   x   .   .   x   .   x   .   x

(L drum)  O   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   .   .   .   .



Maman/Segonde Case (repeating break):



Segonde   .   .   .   .   .   O O O   O   O   O   O   O

Maman     O   O   .   .   S   .   .   .   .   .   .   .




JEWE (?), Mark Szymanski



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X

          _       _               _       _

LOW       B   .   O   O   .   .   B   .   O   O   .   .    or

          B   .   O   O   .   B   B   .   O   O   .   B

          _       _       _       _       _       _

MID       B   O   O   B   O   O   B   O   O   B   O   O

          _           _           _           _

Drum/     B   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   S

Stick         X   X       X   X       X   X

          _       _       _   _   _       _       _   _

HIGH      S   .   S   S   O   O   S   .   S   S   O   O   or

          B   .   S   S   O   O   S   .   S   S   O   O   or

          S   .   S   S   O   O   S   .   S S S S O   O



Junjun    B   .   .   M   .   .   B   .   .   M   .   .




IBO 6/8 (Haiti), Larry Morris, from informal sources



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X



Low       .   .   .   .   B   B   .   .   .   .   .   .



Mid       S   .   .   S   .   .   .   .   .   S   .   .

          _       _       _       _       _       _

High      S   S   O   S   S   .   S   S   O   S   S   .



Low (alt) B   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   .




CAMBERTO (Haitian derived), Richard Darsie (darsie@ece.ucdavis.edu)



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X

          _           _           _           _

Bottom    O   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   .

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Tumba     B   .   S   B   O   O   B   .   S   B   O   O

          _       _       _       _

Conga     B   .   O   .   S   .   B   O   .   S   .   B

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Quinto    O   S   S   O   S   S   O   S   S   O   S   S




BAYE (Congolese), Susan Rapalee (RAPALEE@delphi.com)



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X

          _           _           _           _   _

High      S   .   O   S   .   .   S   S   .   Sf  O   O

          _               _       _               _

High-mid  O   O   .   h   S   S   O   O   .   h   S   S  >>

          O   O   .   Sf  O   O   O   O   .   h   S   S

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Low-mid   B   .   O   .   S   .   B   S   O   O   S   .

                  _       _                           _

Low       O   .   B   _   t   .   B   .   .   B   .   O  >>

          .   .   t   B   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   O




Adowa (Ghana), Catrin Pieri (pieri@hydromod.de)

( Gazelle dance, possibly Ewe tradition? )



12/8        |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



BELL        X   .   .   .   X   .   .   X   X   .   .   X

            _       _       _       _       _       _

DRUM        O       O   O   S       O   S   O   O   S



Hand Clap                   S           S           S




DUNUNHA (Guinea), Yves Goulnik (yves.goulniky@roche.com)

from Christian Ehret



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|

          _       _                   _       _

Lead      S   S   S   S           Of  O   O   O   O

(used to call other instruments one after the other)

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Djembe1   S   .   B   S   O   O   S   .   B   S   O   O

          _       _       _       _       _       _

Djembe2   B   O   O   O   S   .   B   O   O   O   S   .

              _           _           _               _

Djembe3   .   O   O   .   S   S   .   B   B   .   B   B



Accelerat.S   S   S   S   O   O   S   S   S   S   O   O



Lead variations...



Junjun    B   .   .   B   .   .   O   .   O   .  (B)  .

Bell +/-

Shekere   x       x   x       x   x       x       x




BEMBE (Cuba) - Patrick Armstrong (Armstrong@axe.humboldt.edu) and

               Luis Nunez (lnunez@praline.no.neosoft.com)



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Guataca   x   .   x   .   X   x   .   x   .   x   .   x

(hi bell)

Low bell  x   x   .   x   .   x   x   .   x   .   x   .

          _       _       _       _               _

Conga(hi) o   o   o   o   o   o   o   .   o   .   o   .  or:

          _       _       _       _       _       _

          O   s   s   O   s   s   O   s   s   O   s   s  or:

          _       _       _       _       _       _

          s   O   O   s   O   O   s   O   O   s   O   O

                  _       _               _       _

Tumba(lo) B   .   S   B   O   .   B   .   S   B   O   .  or:

                  _       _               _       _

          S   .   B   s   B   .   S   .   B   s   B   .



Tumba(2)  .   .   B   B   .   .   .   .   B   B   .   B  >>

          B   B   .   B   .   .   .   .   B   B   .   .




YANKADI (Guinee) - Kees de Grauw (KEESDG@top.tn.utwente.nl) from Mamady Keita

                   and Philippe Reunis (Philippe.Reunis@sema.be)



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Dundun    O   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O

Songba    M   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   .   .   .   .

Kenkeni   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   .



          _                       _           _       B >>

Djembe    B   .   .   .   .   O   O   .   O   O   .   B >>

          _           _           _           _

(intro)   B   .   B   B   .   B   O   .   O   O   .   O >>

          _                   _

          B   .   B   .   .   S   .   .   .   .   .   B >>

          _           _           _

          B   .   .   S   .   .   S   .   .   .   .   B >>

          _                       _           _

          B   .   .   .   .   B   B   .   O   O   .   B >>

          _           _           _           _

Djembe    B   .   .   S   .   B   B   .   O   O   .   B

(groove)  _           _                       _

Djembe    O   .   O   O   .   O   .   .   O   O   .   B

(varia.)  _           _           _

          O   .   O   O   .   O   O   .   O   .   .   B

          _           _           _           _

          O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   O   .   B

          _           _           _

Support   s   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   .   .   .   .  >>

Djembe    Of  .   .   Of  .   .   S   .   S   .   .   .




CHANGO (Cuba), Luis Nunez (lmn02@www.gnofn.org) from Dr. Fernando Ortiz

One of many rhythms to Chango, orignally a bata guemilere rhythm.



12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|

              _       _       _           _       _   _

Djembe(h) S   O   .   Sf  .   O   S   .   O   S   O   O

                _         _             _         _

Djembe(m) .   . O .   S   M   S   .   . O .   S   M   S

          _                   _   _                   _

Djembe(l) Sf  .   S   .   S   B   Sf  .   S   .   S   B



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X

                              ^

Low drum begins the first measure by itself.  High

and medium drums come in at "^".




ELEGGUA (Santeria), Luis Nunez (lmn02@www.gnofn.org)

(simplified version)

12/8      |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .  :|



Hi Drum   S   m   O   S   m   O   S   m   O   S   m   O



Mid Drum  m   S   m   O   S   m   m   S   m   O   m S m



Lo Drum   B   .   S   S   S   O   B   .   S   S   S   .



Bell      X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X




BATAKATO (Nigeria), John Feddersen (fedstart@nando.net)



12/8            |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   :|



                _       _       _       _

Djembe 1        O       S       S       O   O       S       O

                _       _       _       _       _       _

Djembe 2        O   S   S   B   B   O   O   S   S   B   B   O

                _       _       _       _       _       _

Djembe 3        B   S   S   O   O   B   B   S   S   O   O   B

                _       _       _       _       _       _

Djunjun         B   O   O   B   O   O   B   O   O   B   O   O

   OR:              _   _       _   _       _   _           _

Upright drum    m   x   x   m   x   x   m   x   x   m       O

 (L=hand, R=stick. x=rim shot or tap)




SOLI (W.Africa, various) Paulo Mattioli (drum1@pacificnet.net)

Note: one of many variations.



12/8            |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   :|

                _       _               _       _

Djembe 1        S   .   O   s   .   .   S   .   O   s   .   .

                _               _       _               _

Djembe 2        S   .   .   S   O   O   S   .   .   S   O   O

(Bougarabou)



Junjun          .   .   O   O   .   .   .   .   O   .   .   O

 (Jbell)        x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x

Songba          O   .   .   .   M   .   M   .   .   O   .   .

 (Sbell)        x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   x   .   x

Kenkeni         .   .   .   .   O   O   .   .   .   .   O   O

 (Kbell)        x   .   .   x   .   .   x   .   .   x   .   .



       OR: simpler variation (Junjun/Songba only)

Junjun          O   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   .   .

Songba          .   .   .   .   O   .   .   .   .   .   O   .




ZEPAULE (Haiti), Richard Darsie (darsie@ece.ucdavis.edu)



12/8            |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   :|

                _           _           _           _

Low(Maman)      b   .   .   O   .   .   b   .   .   O   .   .

stick on drum       o   o       x           o               x

head/side       _       _       _       _       _       _

Mid(Seconde)    B   .   S   b   O   O   B   .   S   b   O   O



Hi(Boula)       .   o   o   .   o   o   .   o   o   .   o   o



Bell            X   .   X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X




MANDJIANE (?), Amy Smith (aks3@cornell.edu)



12/8            |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   :|



DjembeL         S   .   .   S   S   .   .   B   S   S   O   O



DjembeM         S   S   .   .   .   .   S   S   .   B   .   B



DjembeH         S   .   O   S   .   .   S   .   O   S   .   .  or:

                S   .   .   O   O   O   S   .   .   O   O   O



Junjun          O   .   .   O   .   .   O   .   .   .   .   O

Bell            X   .   X   .   X   X   .   X   .   X   .   X




SORSORNET (?) Paulo Mattioli (John Feddersen, fedstart@nando.net)



12/8            |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   :|



Lead intro/brk  S   S   S   .   S   S   S   .   S   S   S   .   >>

                S   S   S   .   O   .   O   .   O   .   O   .

(ensemble joins in unison on last 4 notes...)



Djembe H        S   S   S   .   m   .   m   .   O   .   .   .   >>

                S   S   S   .   m   .   m   .   O   .   .   .   >>

                S   S   S   .   m   .   m   .   O   .   .   .   >>

                S   S   S   .   S   S   S   .   S   S   S   .

                _       _       _       _       _       _

Djembe M        O   s   s   s   s   s   O   s   s   s   s   s

                _               _       _               _

Djembe L        b   .   b   .   O   O   b   .   b   .   O   O



Junjun          O   O   O   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  >>

                O   O   O   .   .   .   .   .   O   O   O   .

Kenkeni         .   .   O   .   .   O   .   .   O   .   .   O

 (Kbell)        x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x




FUME FUME (?) Jason Hann (brenda@controlroom.com) from Charles Armah



12/8            |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   :|



Bell            x   .   x   .   x   .   .   x   .   x   .   .

Shekere         X   .   .   .   .   .   X   .   .   .   .   .

                _       _       _       _       _       _

Djembe          B   .   O   .   S   .   B   O   O   .   S   .



Hi kpanlogo     B   .   B   .   O   O   B   .   B   .   O   O



Lo kpanlogo     B   .   .   O   O   .   B   .   .   O   O   .




GBEREDU 2 - (DOUNDOUNBA) Michael Wall (drum@aloha.net) from Mabiba Baegne.



12/8            |:. . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . .:|

                                        _   _   _

                          (Call)        S S O S S S . . . . . .



Kenkeni         . . O . O O . . O . O O . . O . O O . . O . O O

Kbell           . x x . x x . x x . x x . x x . x x . x x . x x

Songba          O . O O . . . . O . O . M . . . . M . . M . . .

Sbell           x . x x . x . x x . x . x . x . x x . x x . x .

Junjun          . O O . . . . O O . O O . O O . . . . . . . O O

Jbell           . x x . x x . x x . x x . x x . x x . x x . x x

                _   _       _   _       _   _       _   _

Djembe-1        S . O S . . S . O S . . S . O S . . S . O S . .

                      _   _       _   _       _   _       _   _

Djembe-2        S . . S O O S . . S O O S . . S O O S . . S O O




DJABARA (?) Albert Prak (A.Prak@el.utwente.nl) from Mamady Keita



12/8            |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   :|



Kenkeni         M   .   .   O   O   .   M   .   .   O   O   .

(bell)          x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .

Songba          O   .   M   .   M   .   M   .   O   O   .   O

(bell)          x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   x   .   x

Junjun          O   .   .   .   .   .   O   .   .   .   .   .

(bell)          x   .   x   .   x   .   x   .   x   x   .   x

                _       _               _       _

Djembe-1        S   .   O   O   .   .   S   .   O   O   .   .

                _               _       _               _

Djembe-2        O   S   .   B   S   .   O   S   .   B   S   .

                _   _           _                   _

Djembe BREAK    S S S   S   .   O   .   O   .   S   S   .   S  >>

                _                       _           _

                S   .   .   .   .   S   S   .   S   S   .   . (to

(ensemble)      .   .   .   .   .   X   X   .   X   X   .   .  main)




DJABARA SOLO (?) Yves Goulnik

(lower-case = weak-hand)

12/8          |:. . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . .:|

Lead djembe   B . . B . . B . b SsS s S . . B . . B . . B . o  >>

              O . . B . . B . b SsS s S . . B . . B . . B . s  >>

              S . . B . . B . b SsS s S . . B . . B . . B . o  >>

              O . . B . . B . b SsS s S . . B . . B . . B . s  >>

              S . . B . . B . b SsS s S . . B . . B . b SsS s  >>

              S . . B . . B . b SsS s S . . B . . B . b SsS s  >>

              S . . B . . B . b SsS s S . . B . . B . b SsS s  >>

              S . b SsS s S . b SsS s S . b SsS s S . . S . b  >>

 |>xx<| =     |>SoOsOoSsS<| . b SsS s S . . B . . B . . B . b  >>

 duple time   |>SoOsOoSsS<| . b SsS s S . . B . . B . . B . b  >>

              |>SoOsOoSsS<| . b SsS s S . . B . . B . . B . b  >>

              |>SoOsOoSsS<| . b SsS s S . . B . . B . . B . b  >>

              |>SoOsOoSsS<| . . B . b |>SoOsOoSsS>| . . B . b  >>

              |>SoOsOoSsS<| . . B . b |>SoOsOoSsS>| . . B . b  >>

              |>SoOsOoS<| |>SoOsOoS<| |>SoOsOoS<| |>SoOsOoS<|  >>

              (to DJABARA break)




2/3 INVENTION, Frater Calamari (calamari@nh.ultranet.com)



12/8            |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   :|

                _       _       _       _       _       _

Djembe 1        Sf  .   B   B   S   .   Bo  .   O   O   B   .     or:

                Bf  .   O   O   B   .   Ob  .   B   O   S   .



bell            .   .   .   x   .   x   .   .   .   x   .   x

Junjun 1        O   .   O   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   .   >>

                O   .   O   .   O   .   O   .   O   .   .   .



bell            x   x   .   .   x   .   x   x   .   .   x   .

Junjun 2        .   .   .   B   .   .   .   .   .   B   .   B



Note: "Bo" and "Ob" are bass/tone flams, RH lead.




TIRIBA (Guinea) - consensus by Michael Wall (drum@aloha.net) and other

    Djembe-L members from Mamady Keita



12/8            |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   :|

Break:          O O O   O   O   O   .   O   O   .   O   .   .

                _       _               _           _

Djembe#1        B   S   O   .   S   .   B   S   .   B   S   .

                _               _       _               _

Djembe#2        B   .  .    O   S   .   B   .   .   O   S   .

                _       _       _       _               _

Djembe#3        B   .   S   B   O   O   B   S   .   B   O   O



Kenkeni         O   O   .   M   .   .   O   O   .   M   .   .

(bell)          x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .



Songba          M   .   .   O   .   .   M   .   .   O   .   .

(bell)          x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .



Junjun          O   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   .   .   .   .

(bell)          x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .   x   x   .




MULTIPART CONGA RHYTHMS



Drum setup for right-handers:    CONGA        TUMBA

                                       QUINTO

                                        *you*




YANKADI, Joel Rives (jrives@mindspring.com)

12/8            |:. . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . .:|

                _   _       _   _     _ _           _   _

Quinto          . S S . . . O . O h f . . S S . . . O . O h f .

Conga           . . . O . O . . . . . . . . . O . . . . . . . .

Tumba           O . . . . . . . . . . O O . . . . . . . . . . O

Variation:

Quinto          . S S . M . O S O h f . . S S . M . O . O h f .

Conga           M . . O . O . . . . . . M . . O . . O . . . . .

Tumba           O . . . . . . . . . . O O . . . . . . . . . . O

                _     _     _     _     _     _     _     _

Djembe-1        B . . S . S B . O O . . B . . S . . B . O O . .

                _     _                 _     _     _

Djembe-2        M . . O . O . . . . . . Of. . Of. . S . S . . .




ABAKUA, Michael Wall (drum@aloha.net)

12/8            |:. . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . . * . .:|

                _ _   _     _   _   _ _ _ _   _ _   _   _   _

Quinto          . . S . . . . S S B . . . . S . . S . S . . O S

Conga           . . . . O O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . O . .

Tumba           h f . B . . B . . . O O h f . h f . B . O . . .

Bell            x . x . x x . x . x . x x . x . x x . x . x . x




*** RHYTHMS WITH OTHER METERS ***




Darsie's 10/8 (Invention), Richard Darsie (darsie@ece.ucdavis.edu)



"1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 1 2"



10/8     |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   *   .  :|



Bottom   B   .   .   B   .   .   B   .   O   O



Mid      O   .   S   S   .   S   .   O   .   S



"heart"  O   .   S   .   O   O   O   S   .   S



High     O   S   S   O   S   S   O   O   S   S



Bell 1   X   .   X   .   X   .   X   .   X   .



Bell 2   X   X   .   X   X   .   X   X   .   X




GIRIAMA SPIRIT DANCE (Haiti), Richard Darsie (darsie@ece.ucdavis.edu)

           from Sean Feder



9/8            |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   :|

               _           _           _

Bottom         O   .   B   S   .   O   B   .   S

               _           _           _

Mid            O   .   S   S   .   O   S   .   S

               _       _       _       _

Top            O   O   O   S   S   S   S   .   S



Stick/Bell     X   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .  >>

           >>  X   .   .   X   .   .   .   .   .



Bell           .   .   .   X   .   .   X   .   .




KOREDUGA (?), Yves Goulnik (yves.goulniky@roche.com)

from Serge Blanc



9/8            |:  .   .   *   .   .   *   .   .   :|

               _       _       _       _

Djembe 1       Sf  .   S   B   O   O   B   S   .   OR:

               _       _       _       _

             B S   .   S   B   O   O   B   S   .

               _           _           _

Djembe 2       O   O   .   S   S   .   S   S   .



Junjun 1       B   .   B   .   O   .   O   .   .



Junjun 2       B   .   B   B   B   .   B   .   B  >>

               B   .   .   .   O   .   O   .   B



Bell           x   .   x   x   x   .   x   .   x

               _   _       _           _

Break          O O O   O   S   S   .   S   S   .